Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting (fgc), is practised in 30 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern africa, in parts of the middle east and asia, and within some immigrant communities in europe, north america and australia. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a term used by many human rights groups and health advocates to emphasize the physical, emotional, and psychological consequences associated with this procedure. The law prohibiting the practice of female genital mutilation (fgm) was passed by the italian parliament (law 7/2006), providing the opportunity to reflect on a social practice that by now also concerns countries of immigration in ever greater measure. Last month in the atlantic, olga khazan's interview with anthropologist bettina shell-duncan on common misconceptions of female circumcision—also called female genital mutilation (fgm) or. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia the practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common.
Medical aspects of female genital mutilation international center for reproductive health, university of gent 1998 prof h rushwan fgc management during pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum period. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but where there's no medical reason for this to be done it's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others. The causes of female genital mutilation include a mix of cultural, religious and social factors within families and communities it is associated with cultural ideals of femininity and modesty, which include the notion that girls are clean and beautiful after removal of body parts that are considered male or unclean.
Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/fgc) constitutes a tragic health and human rights issue of girls and women in a number of countries, mainly in africa the practice has serious health consequences, both physical and psychological. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is considered to be against the law and against morality not only in western countries, although a woman of age and able to consent may sometimes think differently. The potential of a method of replacing female genital mutilation as an initiation into womanhood with culturally sensitive alternatives is to be explored the university of leicester is hosting a. This fact sheet has been updated to include the most current and commonly used terms for female genital cutting (fgc) we are updating the title of this fact sheet and the way we refer to fgc by using the term female genital mutilation or cutting (fgm/c.
Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) is a harmful traditional practice with severe health complications, deeply rooted in many sub-saharan african countries in the gambia, the prevalence of fgm/c is 783% in women aged between 15 and 49 years. Eradicating female genital mutilation: a uk perspective (ashgate/routledge, 2015) is a book about pathways to eradicating fgm in the uk and a detailed handbook-textbook which covers global and historic/political issues from a socio-economic as well as educational, legal and medical aspects there is an accompanying website for updates and a. Female genital mutilation beliefs and issues the ceremonial aspects of fgm are noted to be falling away with urbanisation, and with fgm being performed at a. Female genital mutilation refers to the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia it is typically done between infancy and the age of 15, but adult women may also undergo the.
For us in the muslim world female circumcision is, above all else, obedience to islam, which means acting in accordance with the fitrah and following the sunnah which encourages it we all know the dimensions of islam, and that everything in it must be good in all aspects, including health aspects. Health risks of female genital mutilation (fgm) women and girls living with fgm have experienced a harmful practice experience of fgm increases the short and long term health risks to women and girls and is unacceptable from a human rights and health perspective. The united states is committed to ending female genital mutilation or cutting (fgm/c) if you believe you are at risk of fgm/c, know of someone at risk of fgm/c, have questions about fgm/c, or have undergone fgm/c and need help or further information, please contact the number below what is fgm/c. A new review provides valuable insights for improving the health care of girls and women living with female genital mutilation published on february 6th, which is international day of zero. Female genital mutilation it is estimated that 100 to 140 million women worldwide have undergone female genital mutilation (fgm), and an additional 3 million girls are at risk of fgm every year fgm refers to a group of practices that the world health organization (who) has classified into 4 types.
Wales is opening its first-ever female genital mutilation (fgm) clinic to provide medical and psychological help to victims of the practice imported from africa and asia. Female genital mutilation is classified into 4 major types type 1: often referred to as clitoridectomy , this is the partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, sensitive and erectile part of the female genitals), and in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris. Female genital mutilation (fgm) comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons as defined by the world health organisation (who.
Upon hearing about female genital mutilation, most people (myself included) find themselves asking what the point of it is a user of the website islamqa, popular among salafists (the hardline puritanical sect popularized by saudi arabia) had the same question. Few people outside the islamic or african cultures which practise various forms of female circumcision (female genital cutting or fgm) would hesitate to call any of those procedures female genital mutilation, irrespective of the calculus of damage. Female genital mutilation does not eliminate sexual pleasure totally for every woman who undergoes the procedure, but it does reduce the likely of orgasm conclusions circumcision of females or female genital mutation (fgm) is a cruel procedure, a cultural tradition, which deprives women of sexual satisfaction, exposes them to psychological and.